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Imperfect passive tense - Arabic free courses

Imperfect Passive Tense - الْمُضّارِعُ الْمَجْهُول

The imperfect passive tense is formed by giving dammah to the sign of the imperfect tense, and fatha on the second radical.

 

1. Imperfect passive tense of the passive verb of consonants - الصَحِيْحُ

Example: يُفْعَلُ (Yufa’alu) = يُفْعَلُ (Yufa’alu)

Table passive verb of consonants يُرْفَعُ

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

 

يُرْفَعُ

 

He is being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

يُرْفَعَانِ

 

They both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

 

يُرْفَعُوْنَ

 

They all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُرْفَعُ

 

She is being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

تُرْفَعَانِ

 

They both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

 

يُرْفَعْنَ

 

They all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

 

تُرْفَعُ

 

You are being raised/will be raised

 

 

Dual

 

تُرْفَعا

 

You both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

 

تُرْفَعُوْنَ

 

You all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُرْفَعِيْنَ

 

You are being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

تُرْفَعَانِ

 

You both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

 

تُرْفَعْنَ

 

You all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

 

أَرْفَعُ

 

I am being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

 

Plural

 

نُرْفَعُ

 

We are being raised/will be raised.

 

2. Imperfect passive tense - hamzated verbs - الْمَهْمُوْزُ

Table of يُؤْمَرُ

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

 

يُؤْمَرُ

 

He is being ordered/will be ordered

 

Dual

 

يُؤْمَرَانِ

 

They both are being ordered/will be ordered

 

Plural

 

يُؤْمَرُوْنَ

 

They all are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُؤْمَرُ

 

She is being ordered/will be ordered

 

Dual

 

تُؤْمَرَانِ

 

They both are being ordered/will be ordered

 

Plural

 

يُؤْمَرْنَ

 

They all are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

 

تُؤْمَرُ

 

You are being ordered/will be ordered

 

Dual

 

تُؤْمَرَانِ

 

You both are being ordered/will be ordered

 

Plural

 

تُؤْمَرُوْنَ

 

You all are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُؤْمَرِيْنَ

 

You are being ordered/will be ordered

 

Dual

 

تُؤْمَرَانِ

 

You both are being ordered/will be ordered

 

Plural

 

تُؤْمَرْنَ

 

You all are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

 

أُؤْمَرُ

 

I am  being ordered/will be ordered

 

Dual

 

 

Plural

 

نُؤْمَرُ

 

We  are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

Table of يُسْأَلُ

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

 

يُسْأَلُ

 

He is being asked/will be asked

 

Dual

 

يُسْأَلانِ

 

They both are being asked/will be asked

 

Plural

 

يُسْأَلونَ

 

They all are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُسْأَلُ

 

She is being asked/will be asked

 

Dual

 

تُسْأَلانِ

 

They both are being asked/will be asked

 

Plural

 

يُسْأَلْنَ

 

They all are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

 

تُسْأَلُ

 

You are being asked/will be asked

 

Dual

 

تُسْأَلانِ

 

You both are being asked/will be asked

 

Plural

 

تُسْأَلُونَ

 

You all are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُسْأَلِيْنَ

 

You are being asked/will be asked

 

Dual

 

تُسْأَلانِ

 

You both are being asked/will be asked

 

Plural

 

تُسْأَلْنَ

 

You all are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

 

أُسْأَلُ

 

I am  being asked/will be asked

 

Dual

 

 

Plural

 

نُسْأَلُ

 

We are being asked/will be asked

 

 

Table of يُهْزَأُ

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

 

يُهْزَأُ

 

He is being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Dual

 

يُهْزَئانِ

 

They both are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Plural

 

يُهْزَأُوْنَ

 

They all are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُهْزَأُ

 

She is being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Dual

 

تُهْزَئانِ

 

They both are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Plural

 

يُهْزَئْنَ

 

They all are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

 

تُهْزَأُ

 

You are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Dual

 

تُهْزَئانِ

 

You both are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Plural

 

تُهْزَأُوْنَ

 

You all are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُهْزَئيْنَ

 

You are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Dual

 

تُهْزَئانِ

 

You both are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Plural

 

تُهْزَئْنَ

 

You all are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

 

أُهْزَأُ

 

I am  being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

Dual

 

 

Plural

 

نُهْزَأُ

 

We are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

3. Imperfect passive tense - Weak verbs - الأفْعَالُ المُعْتَلَّة

A. The pattern of وَعَدَ - يَعِدُ = يُوْعَدُ

يُوْعَدُ follows the pattern of the passive imperfect tense يُفْعَلُ.

 

As mentioned earlier, verbs that begin with ى and are intransitive do not have a passive voice.

 

The pattern of قَالَ – يَقُوْلُ = يُقَالُ, where the و is changed to a long alif ا.

Table of يُقَالُ

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

 

يُقَالُ

 

He has told/will be told

 

Dual

 

يُقَالانِ

 

They both have been told/will be told

 

Plural

 

يُقَالُوْنَ

 

They all have been told/will be told

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُقَالُ

 

She has told/will be told

 

Dual

 

تُقَالانِ

 

They both have been told/will be told

 

Plural

 

يُقَالْنَ

 

They all have been told/will be told

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

 

تُقَالُ

 

You have told/will be told

 

Dual

 

تُقَالانِ

 

You both have been told/will be told

 

Plural

 

تُقَالُوْنَ

 

You all have been told/will be told

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُقَالِيْنَ

 

You have told/will be told

 

Dual

 

تُقَالانِ

 

You both have been told/will be told

 

Plural

 

تُقَالْنَ

 

You all have been told/will be told

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

 

أُقَالُ

 

I have told/will be told

 

Dual

 

 

Plural

 

نُقَالُ

 

We have been told/will be told

 

 

 

 

In the third person and second person feminine plurals, the alif will be omitted.

B. The passive verb of دَعَا - يَدْعُوْا = يُدْعَى

The ى is transformed into a long alif ا, which is then omitted in the second and third-person feminine plurals.

Table of يُدْعَى

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

 

يُدْعَى

 

He is called/will be called

 

Dual

 

يُدْعَيَانِ

 

They both are called/will be called

 

Plural

 

يُدْعَوْنَ

 

 They all are called/will be called

 

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُدْعَى

 

She is called/will be called

 

Dual

 

تُدْعَيَانِ

 

They both are called/will be called

 

Plural

 

يُدْعَوْنَ

 

 They all are called/will be called

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

 

تُدْعَى

 

You are called/will be called

 

Dual

 

تُدْعَيَانِ

 

You both are called/will be called

 

Plural

 

تُدْعَوْنَ

 

 You all are called/will be called

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُدْعِيْنَ

 

You are called/will be called

 

Dual

 

تُدْعَيَانِ

 

You both are called/will be called

 

Plural

 

تُدْعَوْنَ

 

 You all are called/will be called

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

 

أُدْعَى

 

I am called/will be called

 

Dual

 

 

Plural

 

نُدْعَى

 

We are called/will be called

 

  • Passive verb of زَمَى – يَرْمَي = يُرْمَى
  • Passive verb of لَقِيَ – يَلْقَى = يُلْقَى

 

4. Imperfect passive tense - doubly weak verb - اللَّفِيْفُ

Passive verb of  وَقَى – يَقِي = يُوْقَى

5. Imperfect passive tense - Double lettered verbs  - المُضاعَفُ

Passive verb of  عَضَّ – يَعُضُّ = يُعَضُّ

Table of يُعَضُّ

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

 

يُعَضُّ

 

He is being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

يُعَضَّانِ

 

They both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

 

يُعَضُّوْنِ

 

They all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُعَضُّ

 

She is being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

تُعَضَّانِ

 

They both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

 

يُعَضَضْنَ

 

They all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

 

تُعَضُّ

 

You are being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

تُعَضَّانِ

 

You both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

 

تُعَضُّوْنِ

 

You all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

 

تُعَضِّيْنَ

 

You are being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

تُعَضَّانِ

 

You both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

 

تُعَضَضْنَ

 

You all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

 

أُعَضُّ

 

I am being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

 

Plural

 

نُعَضُّ

 

We are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

The Usage of Imperfect Passive Tense in the Holy Quran

وَلَعَذَابُ الْآخِرَةِ أَخْزَىٰ ۖ وَهُمْ لَا يُنصَرُونَ

 

 

 

but the punishment of the Hereafter is more disgracing, and they will not be helped. (41:16)

 

 

أَلَّا تَخَافُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

 

 

Do not fear and do not grieve but receive good tidings of Paradise, which you were promised. (41:43)

 

 

 يُجَادِلُونَكَ فِي الْحَقِّ بَعْدَ مَا تَبَيَّنَ كَأَنَّمَا يُسَاقُونَ إِلَى الْمَوْتِ وَهُمْ يَنظُرُونَ

 

 

Arguing with you concerning the truth after it had become clear as if they were being driven toward death while they were looking on. (8:6)

 

 

وَاتَّقُوا يَوْمًا تُرْجَعُونَ فِيهِ إِلَى اللَّـهِ ۖ ثُمَّ تُوَفَّىٰ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ

 

 

And fear a Day when you will be returned to Allah. Then every soul will be compensated for what it earned, and they will not be treated unjustly. (2:281)

 

 

هَـٰذَانِ خَصْمَانِ اخْتَصَمُوا فِي رَبِّهِمْ ۖ فَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا قُطِّعَتْ لَهُمْ ثِيَابٌ مِّن نَّارٍ يُصَبُّ مِن فَوْقِ رُءُوسِهِمُ الْحَمِيمُ

 

 

These are two adversaries who have disputed over their Lord. But those who disbelieved will have cut out for them garments of fire. Poured upon their heads will be scalding water (22:19)

Conclusion

This lesson on Arabic nuances concludes here. Insha’Allah, our subsequent session will delve into the double emphasis in Arabic.

 

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