arabic alphabet introduction


Are you passionate about learning new languages? Are you planning to learn the Arabic Alphabet?


You just made the right and important decision in your life to learn how to write the Alphabet in Arabic. You are going to be astonished at how quickly you’ll learn and grab the pace. The Arabic language is quite easy despite being perceived as one of the world’s most difficult languages.

Learning alphabets and writing can differ, unlike the Latin alphabet, those being used by English speakers. It is read and written from right to left, and it has 28 letters with many special characters and vowels used according to the word. This is a tricky language, and you need to learn each aspect carefully here. Here in this guide, we have tried to make it simpler for you. Just check out the details below.

It makes you think that learning Arabic alphabets are hard to learn and write, but it is much simpler than you think. Learning the basics and doing some regular practice will make your learning of Arabic alphabets easily.

Unlike Latin alphabets, No upper or lowercase letters are used in Arabic alphabets; every letter can be written otherwise depending on the letter’s position in the word or line.

Each letter can take four forms in the word; it could be at the start, in the middle, in the end, or all alone.

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How to write the Arabic alphabet ?

The first lesson to learning arabic alphabet for beginners is to understand the basic characteristics of the Arabic writing system.  The most important points are:



  • There are 28 letters in the Arabic language.


  • The alphabets in Arabic change their shape as per the word positioning.


  • Short vowels are not common in the Arabic language.


  • There is only 1 basic shape for each of the 28 Arabic Alphabet.


  • Capitalization is not found in Arabic Alphabets.


The Arabic alphabet is written in cursive style.



When Arabic is written, it is done in cursive or backhand form, making all the letters connected and flowing.



The Arabic alphabet is written from right to left.



Writing the arabic alphabet for beginners easily makes it advisable to push the pen rather than pull it to promote a natural hand movement. This is fairly difficult for right-handed people.


However, for the lefties, Arabic alphabet writing is specifically designed for you as you would never smudge the paper ever again. Yet, basic Arabic Alphabets remain the same for the lefties as well as the right-handed people. So, keep moving from one alphabet to another without any interruption or lifting the pen.


Arabic makes use of the alphabets, not pictograms neither hieroglyph. Also, there are minimal shapes that you need to learn in Arabic that will make it easier for you to grab command of the Arabic language than other languages of the world



Proper Style of Pen Handling



You could significantly improve your writing fluidity and fluency by holding the pen with your fingertips. This technique offers better command and improves control for finer details required for each Arabic Alphabet.



Wrist Flexibility


This is something that no textbook is ever going to tell you. The flexibility of the wrist demands practice. The most basic movement for writing the Arabic alphabets is to make clockwise loops. Practice it daily. Try to make clockwise loops on a piece of paper every day from right to left.


Some methods can be used to speed up the learning and writing of Arabic alphabets. These techniques will help in the process of learning. Here are some methods you can apply to your learning:


Try to write the alphabet and words continuously without lifting the pen. Arabic writing needs an effortless relationship from one letter to another, which means an effortless and flowing writing style. Try to keep writing continuously from one letter to the next letter without any obstacle.


For maintaining the better flow of your writing, hold the pen at the tips of your finger. It will give you preferable rein and will also help improving command of sheer details of every letter.


The biggest challenge of learning and writing Arabic alphabets is to writing from right to left. It would be best if you made this change to learn the Arabic alphabet and also require much-needed practice. Start propelling the pen from right to left and start to grow a new muscle memory. This is the hardest part of this learning, but you can master it with some good practice.


The best route to master the arabic alphabet for beginners is to practice every letter’s shape again and again. By repetition, you can maneuver this task. It will also develop the muscle memory required to write each letter, and you don’t have to think about it every time.


It all starts with the basics. So you start trying basic shapes first and complete the stroke. After that, you need to add some dots or strokes.


 Everything needs to be written in the pattern of right to left.


After learning shapes, start making the words from the letters. Exercise using letters in different spots in different words.   This is something that you should know about writing and reading.



Let’s start to learn the Arabic alphabet.



In this lesson, to learn Arabic easily online, we will study the Arabic alphabet Insha Allah (Allah willing). This lesson is designed to:


  • Learn the names of the letters of the Arabic alphabet. These Arabic letters are written in phonetics to help you.


  • Listen to Arabic letters with our audio recordings to know the correct pronunciation of these Arabic letters.


By looking at the table below, you would identify the names and shapes of all of the 28 Arabic alphabets. Just imagine if there would have been a line, the initial four letters of the Arabic Alphabet would have been sitting above the line while the rest of the next three letters would be hanging below the line.



Arabic alphabet letters


You will find that some Arabic letters sound similar to English. Thus, the letter (ب) is pronounced b, which is similar to the English letter B. These benchmarks will be useful for quickly memorizing the arabic alphabet for beginners. However, some Arabic letters have no equivalent in English.



Remember that Arabic is written and read from right to left. Thus, read the Arabic letters below from right to left to follow this course’s logical order.



NOTE: The following six Arabic letters: و ز ر ذ د أ never attach with the letter, or long vowel, that follows them.

Arabic alphabets table

*  أ 


























No equivalent





*  د





*  ذ




No equivalent

*  ر




Rolled R

*  ذ



















Emphatic S





Emphatic D





Emphatic T





No equivalent





No equivalent





No equivalent





Guttural K




















H (home)

*  و










In the next lesson, we will learn short vowel marks in the Arabic language inshaAllah.


If you are looking for the best platform to learn this language without any hassle, look no further than Here, you will find the best tutors and study material that will allow you to go deep into this subject. They have many courses and training programs available for all sorts of learners, be it beginners or advanced learners. It would help if you went with the right course. You can refer to the above-given tips to make things easier.

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