Arabic alphabet joined form


In this 7th lesson, we will see the joined form of Arabic letters to learn the Arabic alphabet. In the previous lesson, we saw the letters of the Arabic alphabet in their isolated form, which means that they were not related to each other.


The linked form of the letters of the Arabic alphabet can be a difficult topic to discuss. The reason is that the letter can change shape depending on:


  • Its position in the word (start, middle, end)
  • Letters have their own writing rules.
  •  6 Arabic letters do not join with those that follow them.


In the table below, we will see all the Arabic letters and their different forms depending on their word position. It takes practice to know each Arabic letter and its shapes by heart. Arabic letters according to their position in the word.


The existence of four different forms makes the flow to arise. It may seem that there is plenty to learn, but once you decide and keep going, it will become easier.

In these four forms, the starting and the middle form of the letter can look quite the same, and the final and the alone shape could resemble each other. It makes it pretty easy to learn Arabic alphabets shapes and connecting the letter and making words.

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Summary table of the joined form of Arabic letters


Name of the letter



Middle position

Begining position

Isolated letter

ألف ـأ ـأ أ *       أ
باء ـب ـبـ بـ ب
تاء ة   ـة   ـت ـتـ تـ ت
ثاء ـث ـثـ ثـ ث
جيم ـج ـجـ جـ ج
حاء ـح ـحـ حـ ح
خاء ـخ ـخـ خـ خ
دال ـد ـد د *       د
ذال ـذ ـذ ذ *       ذ
راء ـر ـر ر *       ر
زاي ـز ـز ز *       ز
سين ـس ــسـ سـ س
شين ـش ـشـ شـ ش
صاد ـص ـصـ صـ ص
ضاد ـض ـضـ ضـ ض
طاء ـط ـطـ طـ ط
ظاء ـظ ـظـ ظـ ظ
عين     ع   ـع ـعـ عـ ع
غين     غ   ـغ ـغـ غـ غ
فاء ـف ـفـ فـ ف
قاف ـق ـقـ قـ ق
كاف ـك ـكـ كـ ك
لام ـل ـلـ لـ ل
ميم ـم ـمـ مـ م
نون ـن ـنـ نـ ن
هاء      ه   ـه ـهـ هـ ه
واو ـو ـو و *       و
ياء ـي ـيـ يـ ي


* NOTE: The following six Arabic letters:

و – ز – ر – ذ – د – ا

never attach with the letter, or long vowel, that follows them.

This Arabic lesson is now finished. The next one will be reading in Arabic.


Al-dirassa center offers you the possibility to study the Arabic language easily with a qualified teacher. If you are interested, do not hesitate to consult us.

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