The following particles are called Inna and its sisters – إِنَّ وَ أَخَوَاتُهَا :

  • إِنَّ – certainly
  • أَنَّ – certainly
  • كَأَنَّ – like that
  • لَكِنَّ – but
  • لَيْتَ – would that
  • لَعَلَّ – may / perhaps
  1. When nouns are preceded by these particles they are in the accusative case and the predicate is in the nominative case. These particles are found in a nominal sentence and give fatha to the noun that follows it and dammah to its predicate.
  2. إِنَّ and أَنَّ both are used to emphasize the meaning of the predicate but إِنَّ comes at the beginning of the sentence while أَنَّ comes between the sentence.
  3. إِنَّ is always found at the beginning of a sentence

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inna and its sisters examples used in the Holy Quran

قُلْ إِنَّ الْفَضْلَ بِيَدِ اللَّـهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَاءُ

Say, “Indeed, [all] bounty is in the hand of Allah – He grants it to whom He wills. (3:73)

وَمَا كَفَرَ سُلَيْمَانُ وَلَـٰكِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ كَفَرُوا

 It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, (2:102)

 وَلَـٰكِنَّ عَذَابَ اللَّـهِ شَدِيدٌ

but the punishment of Allah is severe. (22:2)

لَا تَدْرِي لَعَلَّ اللَّـهَ يُحْدِثُ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ أَمْرًا

perhaps Allah will bring about after that a [different] matter. (65:1)

إِنَّ اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

 Indeed, Allah is over all things competent (2:20)

You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about Kaana and its sisters in Arabic.

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