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rules of letter Lam - tajweed rules

Mastering the 'Lam' Letter:

A Comprehensive Tajweed Guide

1. Recitation of the Letter Lam (ل): Always Light, Without Emphasis

Recitation of the Letter Lam (ل) in the Arabic language carries its own set of intricate rules, ensuring the beauty and fluency of the spoken word. One fundamental rule is its generally light pronunciation, where it flows softly off the tongue, sans any stress or emphasis. This delicate articulation retains the fluidity and melody of the language, making Arabic recitation a harmonious experience.

 

However, this is with an interesting exception when it comes before certain words, adding depth to its application. When the Lam (ل) precedes the Majestic Name of Allah (اللَّه), for instance, its articulation undergoes a change, becoming a testament to the linguistic sophistication of Arabic.

 

As learners delve deeper into the nuances of recitation, they discover that mastering the lightness of Lam (ل) is pivotal. It’s not just about correct pronunciation; it’s about embodying the elegance and rhythm that Arabic so beautifully encapsulates. And while the general rule is for Lam to remain light and soft, knowing its exceptions, like when preceding the name of Allah, elevates one’s understanding and connection to the text.

 

When the Letter Lam (ل) Precedes the Majestic Name of Allah (اللَّه): An Exception in Recitation.

 

Example:

 

 

 

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. (1:1)

 

 

2. When the Letter Lam (ل) Follows a Letter with Fatha or Damma: Nuances in Recitation

The intricacies of Arabic recitation extend beyond just individual letters; they also encompass the interplay and relationships between them. Among these nuances is the specific rule governing the pronunciation of the Letter Lam (ل) when it directly follows a letter bearing a fatha (ـَ) or a damma (ـُ).

 

 

The fatha and damma, as short vowel markers, influence the sound and articulation of the succeeding letters, and Lam (ل) is no exception. When preceded by these diacritics, the Lam takes on a distinct pronunciation that’s different from its standard form. This slight alteration ensures that the flow and rhythm of the Arabic text remain harmonious, while also emphasizing the interconnectedness of its letters and sounds.

 

To truly appreciate and master the art of Quranic recitation or Arabic speech, understanding such subtleties is crucial. It underscores the meticulous nature of the Arabic language, where every letter and diacritic plays a pivotal role in the overall auditory experience. Delving into these nuances not only elevates the learner’s technical skills but also deepens their connection and appreciation for the beauty and precision inherent in the language.

 

 

It will be recited with emphasis – tafkheem.

 

 

Examples:   with a fatha:

 

 

قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ

 

 

Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, (112:1)

 

 

 

  with a damma:  

 

إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

 

When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest, (110:1)

 

 

Conclusion

This Tajweed rules lesson has concluded. Insha’Allah, the next lesson will cover the rules of the letter Hamza.

 

 

At the Al-dirassa Institute, we provide an accessible path to mastering Tajweed under the guidance of skilled instructors. Should you wish to pursue this further, we warmly invite you to reach out to us.

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